文章作者 100test 发表时间 2007:02:25 09:57:33
as good as和…几乎一样，实际上等于
as if / though好像，好似
She spoke to me as if she knew me.
as regards 关于= as for
As regards (doing) that, I haven’t decided yet.
注意：regarding = with regard to = in regard to
as soon as一…就，刚…便
as well as也，又，以及；和…一样，除…之外
as … as像…一样
aside from除…以外=apart from
ask for the tickets找票（想得到票）
at a loss 亏本；不知所措；困惑
I found myself at a loss for words of consolation.
be at a loss to recollect sb’s name
I dont like him at all. 我一点儿也不喜欢他。
Im not at all sorry I came, Im glad!
He doesnt smoke at all. 他从来不吸烟。
at all costs不惜任何代价；无论如何
at all events无论如何，不管怎样
at all times任何时候；随时；总是
at any rate无论如何
at first sight乍看，初见
Trees are standing at intervals along the street.
arranged at intervals of ten feet
at large 自由地；一般地；整体的
He spoke at a large on the subject
talk at large 详谈
preliminary arrangement made at large
the country at large 整个国家
Hes going away for at least a week.
speak at great length
debate a subject at length
We can stay for two days at most.
at no time 从不；决不
At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons.
Do it at once. 马上做。
Dont all speak at once! 大家别一块儿说话！
at one time曾经，一度；同时
At present, he is on holiday.目前，他正在度假。
at the cost of牺牲，以…为代价
at the moment此刻，目前
at the same time同时，然而，不过
back and forth前后；来回
Someone was pacing back and forth behind the curtain. 有人在幕布后踱来踱去。
back down 放弃要求，让步
They refused to back down.他们不愿让步。
Since most of the people present agreed with her, I had to back down. 大多数到
He has backed down from the position he took last week.
The speakers forceful words persuaded his opponent to back down.
Most members were against Mr. Jones, who would have lost his position if you had
n’t backed him up.
The new evidence backed up my argument.
‘Dont shoot!’ he said and backed up.
Will you back me up in the argument.
be about to刚要，即将
bear / keep in mind牢记在心
You must bear in mind that your parents hope to depend on you to become a good doctor.
Before long, the noise 0dropped completely and the boat began to drift gently across the water. 不久,轰鸣声完全消失了,于是这只船开始慢悠悠地漂浮在水面上。
I want to do it in any case: the cost is beside the point.
To build another skyscraper in the city is beside the point.
beyond question 无疑
both … and …两者都；既…又…，不但…而且…
The robbery suspect broke away from the lockup. 抢劫嫌疑犯从拘留所逃脱了。
Modern music like jazz has broken away from the old traditional rules.
Our truck broke down outside town.
The car broke down halfway to the destination. 汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。
The car broke down halfway to the camp.
The 8 oclock train broke down at Ferngreen station and was taken off the line.
The peace talks have broke down.
The figures must be broken down into several lists.
He broke in with some ideas of his own.
Its her usual habit to break in with some ideas of her own.
Dont break in when the adventurer is telling his own story.
Children shouldnt break in on adults conversation.小孩子不要打断大人们的谈话。
The telephone ring broke in on/upon my thoughts. 电话铃声打断了我的思路。
The burglar broke in and stole my money.
The thieves broke into the office and stole some money. 小偷闯入办公室，偷了一些钱。
The bandits broke into the jewelry and stole near all the valuable necklaces.土匪
to break into a conversation.
to break into song 突然唱起歌来
The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed.观众们爆发出一阵欢呼,醉汉鞠了一躬。
The car windows broke into pieces when the two cars crashed into each other.
The new waitress 0dropped the dish on the floor, and it broke into fragments. 新来
break off 中断, 折断, 突然停止
Those two countries have broken off relations.
Let’s break off work and have some tea.
He broke off a branch and gave it to me.
Fire broke out in the kitchen.
It was almost midnight that a fire broke out in the neighborhood.
His back broke out in spots.
She broke out in curses in her dream.
The fire broke out in the basement.
World War II broke out in 1939.
Hostilities have broken out between the two countries. 两国之间爆发了战争。
Have our soldiers broke through the enemy’s defense yet?
Scientists have recently broken through another barrier to knowledge.
It was a cloudy day, but the sun at last broke through.
After the storm the sun broke through the clouds. 风暴过后太阳冲破了云层。
At last, those physicians and specialists broke through in their fight against heart disease. 那些内科医生和专家们终于在同心脏病的斗争中取得了突破。
The guerrillas soon broke through.
Freezing weather will break up the soil.
The crowd started to break up when the night fell.天快黑时人群开始散开了。
The ice will break up when the warm weather comes. 天气转暖,冰层就会破裂。
Their marriage broke up. 他们的婚姻破裂了。
bring about 引起；造成
Science has brought about many changes in our lives.
bring down 使倒下；使下降；使受挫折
The pilot brought the plane down gently.
He brought the deer down with one shoot.
to bring down the price.
bring forward 提出；提前 (= put forward)
Can the prisoner bring forward any proof of his story?
The election will be brought forward to June, as to many people are on holiday in July.
Well bring the party forward.
Theyll bring the date of their marriage forward from the 30th to the 28th. 他们将把结婚的日期从三十日提前到二十八日。
A plan was brought forward. 提出一项计划。
The general manager brought forward a new reform plan on the personnel system for the company. 总经理为公司提出了一份有关人事制度改革的新方案。
The final examination will be brought forward to June instead of July.
The lawyer brought forward some new evidences against the murder.
bring into operation 实施，使生效；使运行
Difficulties can bring put a person’s best qualities.
to bring out a new kind of soap
to bring out the worst in sb.
to bring up the question提出问题
to bring up children
build up 增长；积累
to build up ones strength 增强体力
But at sea the wind can build up giant, powerful waves.
Hard working conditions build up character. 艰苦的工作条件能磨练人的性格。
Promote physical culture and build up the peoples health.发展体育运动,增强人民体质。
Im very glad to see that your vocabulary is gradually building up.
Many a large and important business has been built up from small beginnings.
burn down 烧毁；烧掉
The building was burnt down and only ashes were left.
burn out 烧光；熄灭；疲乏
The building was burnt out and only the walls remained.
You’ll burn yourself out if you work too hard.
All the wood has been burnt up.
Put some more wood on the fire to make it burn up.
But for my brothers help, I would not have finished.
I met Jacob by accident in the cinema.
by all means尽一切办法；务必
by and by不久以后；不一会儿
He’ll come back by and by.
by and large 一般来说，大体上
By and large, your idea is a good one.
by far 得多；显然
He is by far the tallest among us.
His explanation is clear by far.
The house stands by itself outside the village. 这幢房子孤单地坐落在村外。
by means of通过…手段；借助于，用
by no means 根本没有；一点也不
I am by no means pleased with this behavior.
by the way顺便说说；顺便提起
By the way, what happened to the money?
by virtue of由于；因为
Though she isn’t British by birth, she’s a British citizen by virtue of her marriage to an Englishmen.
by way of取道；用…方法，通过
by way of London 途经伦敦
learning reading by way of pictures
problems that call for immediate solution
Let’s go to the meeting together, and I’ll call for you.
to call for bid招标
The occasion calls for a cool head.
The meeting has been called off.会议取消了。
We’ll call on Mary tomorrow.
I call on the people of this country to work hard for national unity.
I’ll call you up this evening.
These scenes called up my childhood memories.
The government is calling up men for the army.
can / could not help禁不住，忍不住
Are you capable of climbing that tree?
She is proud of her son, whos very capable as a driver.她为他的儿子自豪,因为他很会开车。
That mobs capable of any crime.
This tool machine is capable of being improved. 这台机床是可以改进的。
I dont care for tea. 我不喜欢喝茶。
Hes good at caring for sick animals.
Uncle Dick is very good at caring for sick animals. 狄克大叔照管生病的动物,很在行。
The college team carried off all the prizes of the table tennis.
Jean carried off all the prizes in the competition.
Even after the king had entered the room, she carried on talking.
Carry on reading! 继续读！
We must carry on till success in spite of the extremely difficult conditions.尽管条件极端困难,我们必须坚持下去,直到成功。
He carried out his promise to quit smoking.
carry out ones plan 实行自己的计划
I have carried out my work.
carry through 完成，进行到底
Carry the revolution through to the end
His courage will carry him through.
catch sb.’s eye引起注意
catch sight of 看到，发现
I caught sight my old friend in town today.
catch up with赶上
Youll have to work harder to catch up with the top students in your class.
When she caught up with them, she saw that they had sat down and were going thro
ugh the contents of the bag. 当她赶上时,看到他们已坐下正在仔细查看包里的东西。
You start first, walk on and Ill catch up with you later.
Passengers must check in at the airport an hour before the plane leaves. 旅客们必须在飞机起飞前一小时到机场办理登机手续。
check up / on 检查，检验
Please check up on the truth of this story.
to clear up a misunderstanding 解除误会
clear up the desk 整理书桌
Would you clear up this room before our visitors arrive?
How did it come about? 那事是怎么发生的?
Weve just come across an old friend we havent seen for ages.
Your speech came across very well, everyone understands your opinion now.
Hows your work coming along?
She comes along with us.
come into effect生效
come off 发生；举行；成功
The wedding came off as planned.
Their attempt to shoot the king did not came off.
The player came on late. 该球员出场晚了。
The corn is coming on splendidly.
come out 出来；结果是；出版
Come out first! 得第一名！
The stars came out as soon as darkness fell.天一黑,星星就出来了。
When does Johns book come out?
Hell come round to our way of thinking.
May Day will soon come round.
Come through a war (a serious illness)
I know that in the end John would come through.
She fainted, and it was half an hour before she came to again.
They came to the conclusion that they had made an unforgivable mistake. 他们得到的结论是他们犯了一个不可饶恕的错误。
The water came to my waist.
The performance of the opera has come to its climax. 歌剧的表演已经到达最高潮了。
The bill came to $5.50.账款共计5元50分。
I’ll let you know if anything comes up.
He came up and said,” Pleased to see you”
come up against碰到（困难）
come up against a series of problems.
The workers came up against their employer’s unwillingness to pay higher wages.
come up to达到（高度、程度）；符合
Your recent work hasn’t come up to your earlier standards.
The water came up to his waist.
come up with赶上；提出
He couldnt come up with an answer.
He couldnt come up with an appropriate answer just at the time.
Come up with a proposal/response
Mans life is often compared to a candle.
The poet compares his lover to a rose in his poems.诗人在他诗歌中把他的情人比作玫
Walking cant compare with flying.
Living in a town cant compare with living in the country in many respects.
You can’t count on the weather being fine.
Count up all those figures to me.
It counts up to more than 50 yuan.
She tried to cover up her nervousness as she waited to make her speech.
Broader areas of study that cut across the divisions between school subjects.
a new group of members of parliament that cuts across party lines
The distance will be less if we cut across the fields.
The unions strongly oppose any plan to cut back industrial production.
The doctors told me to cut down (on) smoking and drinking.
Dont cut in while Im talking.
She cut off a small piece of cake and gave it to me.
We were cut off in the middle of our telephone conversation.
When the city was cut off, everyone knew that total defeat was certain.
My doctors said I must cut out smoking and strong drinks.
If you want to get thin you must cut out sugar.
Cut sb. short
Cut short the stay abroad
The shop deals in woolen goods/electrical appliances.
deal out two apples apiece分给每人两个苹果
Tom’s new book deals with the troubles in Ireland.
I have dealt with this person for 20 years.
After the excitement of the audience died down, the speaker restarted his speech
die out消失 灭绝
do / try one’s best尽力，努力
do away with消灭，灭掉
The government should do away with the regulations restricting drinking hours.
If there is no bread, we must do without (it), that’s all.
The train drew in. 公共汽车驶到路旁。
I should have to draw on the money I’ve saved.
Draw on sb. at 30 days’ sight
I will draw up a scheme of it for you.
Draw up a plan/contract
The car drew up and 3 men got out.
She like to dress up for a party.
0drop by / in顺便来访，非正式访问
Why don’t you 0drop in and see me some time.
Interest in the game has 0dropped off.
—Where were you 0dropped off?
—At the bus stop just round the corner.
Dropping out of school is usually not wise.
He 0dropped out off ordinary society because it was driving him mad.
accidents due to driving at high speed
Her illness was due to bad food.
They kissed each other. 他们彼此吻了对方。
either … or或…或
Im considering to buy my niece a Christmas present, either a dictionary or an e
Either say youre sorry or else get out!
Did you enjoy yourself of the party?
One cant enjoy oneself if one / he is too tired. 一个人如果太疲倦,就不能尽情享受
She enjoyed herself making the assistant bring almost everything in the window b
efore finally buying the dress she had first asked for. 她开心地迫使这位售货员
even if / though即使，虽然
He is ever so diligent.他勤奋极了。
Everybody enjoyed himself ever so at the evening party.
Take this medicine with warm water every other day. 这药每隔一天随温水服一次。
all the questions except for the last one
Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.
face to face（常与with连用）面对面地
I raced out of the office and found myself face-to-face with the boss.
The burglar turned the corner and found himself face to face with a policeman.
Theyve often talked to each other on the telephone, but theyve never met each other face to face.