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MPAcc联考英语关键词组详解(四)
文章作者 100test 发表时间 2007:02:25 09:57:33
来源 100Test.Com百考试题网

MPAcc联考英语关键词组详解(四)

as good as和…几乎一样,实际上等于

as if / though好像,好似

She spoke to me as if she knew me.

她和我说话的神情,好像她早就认识我似的。

as regards 关于= as for

As regards (doing) that, I haven’t decided yet.

注意:regarding = with regard to = in regard to

as soon as一…就,刚…便

as well也;还;同样

as well as也,又,以及;和…一样,除…之外

as … as像…一样

aside from除…以外=apart from

ask after问候(身体健康)

ask for要求;请求

ask for the tickets找票(想得到票)

at a loss 亏本;不知所措;困惑

I found myself at a loss for words of consolation.

be at a loss to recollect sb’s name

at all(用语问句、否定句等)根本不

I dont like him at all. 我一点儿也不喜欢他。

Im not at all sorry I came, Im glad!

我来了一点也不遗憾,我很高兴。

He doesnt smoke at all. 他从来不吸烟。
at all costs不惜任何代价;无论如何
at all events无论如何,不管怎样
at all times任何时候;随时;总是
at any rate无论如何
at first sight乍看,初见
at hand在近处,在手边;即将到来
at heart内心里;实质上
at intervals每隔一段时间,每隔一段距离;不时
Trees are standing at intervals along the street.
arranged at intervals of ten feet
以10英尺的间隔排列
at large 自由地;一般地;整体的
He spoke at a large on the subject
talk at large 详谈
preliminary arrangement made at large
一般性的初步安排
the country at large 整个国家
at least至少
Hes going away for at least a week.
他起码一星期出去一次。
at length最后;详细地
speak at great length
debate a subject at length
at most最多;最大
We can stay for two days at most.
我们最多能待两天。
at no time 从不;决不
At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons.
at once马上,立刻;同时
Do it at once. 马上做。
Dont all speak at once! 大家别一块儿说话!
at one time曾经,一度;同时
at present现在;目前
At present, he is on holiday.目前,他正在度假。
at the cost of牺牲,以…为代价
at the moment此刻,目前
at the same time同时,然而,不过
at times有时
B
back and forth前后;来回
Someone was pacing back and forth behind the curtain. 有人在幕布后踱来踱去。
back down 放弃要求,让步
They refused to back down.他们不愿让步。
Since most of the people present agreed with her, I had to back down. 大多数到
会的人都同意她的意见,我只好放弃原来的意见了。
He has backed down from the position he took last week.
他已放弃他上星期所采取的立场。
The speakers forceful words persuaded his opponent to back down.
back up支持.堵塞.后退
Most members were against Mr. Jones, who would have lost his position if you had
n’t backed him up.
The new evidence backed up my argument.
新的证词有助于我的论点。
‘Dont shoot!’ he said and backed up.
“别开枪!” 他说着往后退。
Will you back me up in the argument.
be about to刚要,即将
bear / keep in mind牢记在心
You must bear in mind that your parents hope to depend on you to become a good doctor.
你要记住你的父母指望你成为一名好医生。
before long不久以后
Before long, the noise 0dropped completely and the boat began to drift gently across the water. 不久,轰鸣声完全消失了,于是这只船开始慢悠悠地漂浮在水面上。
beside point离题;不相干的
I want to do it in any case: the cost is beside the point.
To build another skyscraper in the city is beside the point.
在该城市再盖一座摩天大楼的问题不必谈了。
beyond question 无疑
both … and …两者都;既…又…,不但…而且…
break away摆脱,逃跑
The robbery suspect broke away from the lockup. 抢劫嫌疑犯从拘留所逃脱了。
Modern music like jazz has broken away from the old traditional rules.
现代音乐如爵士乐摆脱了旧的传统规则。
break down(机器)出故障;中断;分解
Our truck broke down outside town.
我们的卡车在城外抛锚了。
The car broke down halfway to the destination. 汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。
The car broke down halfway to the camp.
车子在去营地的半路上抛锚了。
The 8 oclock train broke down at Ferngreen station and was taken off the line.
8点钟的那趟车因在芬格林车站出了故障而被取消了。
The peace talks have broke down.
The figures must be broken down into several lists.
break in插嘴;闯入
He broke in with some ideas of his own.
Its her usual habit to break in with some ideas of her own.
他常常打断别人的话来发表自己的观点。
Dont break in when the adventurer is telling his own story.
冒险家讲他自己的经历时,别打断他。
Children shouldnt break in on adults conversation.小孩子不要打断大人们的谈话。
The telephone ring broke in on/upon my thoughts. 电话铃声打断了我的思路。
The burglar broke in and stole my money.
夜窃贼破门而入,偷了我的钱。
break into闯入;打断;突然开始
The thieves broke into the office and stole some money. 小偷闯入办公室,偷了一些钱。
The bandits broke into the jewelry and stole near all the valuable necklaces.土匪
们闯进了珠宝店盗走了几乎所有值钱的项链。
to break into a conversation.
to break into song 突然唱起歌来
The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed.观众们爆发出一阵欢呼,醉汉鞠了一躬。
The car windows broke into pieces when the two cars crashed into each other.
两辆车相撞时车上的窗玻璃破裂成碎片。
The new waitress 0dropped the dish on the floor, and it broke into fragments. 新来
的女服务员把菜盘子掉在地上,摔成了碎片。
break off 中断, 折断, 突然停止
Those two countries have broken off relations.
Let’s break off work and have some tea.
He broke off a branch and gave it to me.
break out突然发生;爆发
Fire broke out in the kitchen.
厨房突然发生了火灾。
It was almost midnight that a fire broke out in the neighborhood.
昨天快半夜了这儿附近发生了火灾。
His back broke out in spots.
他背上出现了许多斑点。
She broke out in curses in her dream.
她在梦中大声咒骂起来。
The fire broke out in the basement.
地下室着了火。
World War II broke out in 1939.
第二次世界大战是1939年爆发的。
Hostilities have broken out between the two countries. 两国之间爆发了战争。
break through突破;克服;挣脱而出
Have our soldiers broke through the enemy’s defense yet?
Scientists have recently broken through another barrier to knowledge.
It was a cloudy day, but the sun at last broke through.
After the storm the sun broke through the clouds. 风暴过后太阳冲破了云层。
At last, those physicians and specialists broke through in their fight against heart disease. 那些内科医生和专家们终于在同心脏病的斗争中取得了突破。
The guerrillas soon broke through.
游击队很快就突围了。
break up打碎;中断
Freezing weather will break up the soil.
The crowd started to break up when the night fell.天快黑时人群开始散开了。
The ice will break up when the warm weather comes. 天气转暖,冰层就会破裂。
Their marriage broke up. 他们的婚姻破裂了。
bring about 引起;造成
Science has brought about many changes in our lives.
bring down 使倒下;使下降;使受挫折
The pilot brought the plane down gently.
He brought the deer down with one shoot.
to bring down the price.
bring forward 提出;提前 (= put forward)
Can the prisoner bring forward any proof of his story?
The election will be brought forward to June, as to many people are on holiday in July.
Well bring the party forward.
我们要把晚会提前。
Theyll bring the date of their marriage forward from the 30th to the 28th. 他们将把结婚的日期从三十日提前到二十八日。
A plan was brought forward. 提出一项计划。
The general manager brought forward a new reform plan on the personnel system for the company. 总经理为公司提出了一份有关人事制度改革的新方案。
The final examination will be brought forward to June instead of July.
期终考试将由七月提前到六月举行。
The lawyer brought forward some new evidences against the murder.
律师为这件谋杀案提出了一些新的证据。
bring into operation 实施,使生效;使运行
bring out显示出来;出版,生产
Difficulties can bring put a person’s best qualities.
to bring out a new kind of soap
生产一种新肥皂
to bring out the worst in sb.
使(某人)显露其最丑恶的一面
bring up提出;教育;培养
to bring up the question提出问题
to bring up children
build up 增长;积累
to build up ones strength 增强体力
But at sea the wind can build up giant, powerful waves.
但是在海上,风能形成巨大强劲的波浪。
Hard working conditions build up character. 艰苦的工作条件能磨练人的性格。
Promote physical culture and build up the peoples health.发展体育运动,增强人民体质。
Im very glad to see that your vocabulary is gradually building up.
看到你的词汇量在逐渐增长,我很高兴。
Many a large and important business has been built up from small beginnings.
burn down 烧毁;烧掉
The building was burnt down and only ashes were left.
burn out 烧光;熄灭;疲乏
The building was burnt out and only the walls remained.
You’ll burn yourself out if you work too hard.
burn up烧尽;烧旺
All the wood has been burnt up.
Put some more wood on the fire to make it burn up.
but for要是没有,要不是
But for my brothers help, I would not have finished.
要不是我兄弟的帮助,我是无法完成的。
注意:常 虚拟语气
by accident偶然;不小心
I met Jacob by accident in the cinema.
我偶然在电影院遇到了雅各布。
by all means尽一切办法;务必
by and by不久以后;不一会儿
He’ll come back by and by.
by and large 一般来说,大体上
By and large, your idea is a good one.
by far 得多;显然
He is by far the tallest among us.
His explanation is clear by far.
注意:主要用来修饰比较级,最高级,强调数量、程度等。
by hand用手;由专人送的;用体力
by itself自动地,单独地
The house stands by itself outside the village. 这幢房子孤单地坐落在村外。
by means of通过…手段;借助于,用
by mistake弄错,错误地
by no means 根本没有;一点也不
I am by no means pleased with this behavior.
by oneself单独地,独自地
by the way顺便说说;顺便提起
By the way, what happened to the money?
顺便问一句,那笔钱后来怎么样了?
by virtue of由于;因为
Though she isn’t British by birth, she’s a British citizen by virtue of her marriage to an Englishmen.
by way of取道;用…方法,通过
by way of London 途经伦敦
learning reading by way of pictures
C
call for需要;要求;邀请
problems that call for immediate solution
Let’s go to the meeting together, and I’ll call for you.
to call for bid招标
The occasion calls for a cool head.
这种场合需要冷静的头脑。
call off取消;停止
The meeting has been called off.会议取消了。
call on拜访;看望;号召
We’ll call on Mary tomorrow.
I call on the people of this country to work hard for national unity.
call up打电话;使人想起;召集
I’ll call you up this evening.
These scenes called up my childhood memories.
The government is calling up men for the army.
can / could not help禁不住,忍不住
capable of有能力的;可以…的,可能
Are you capable of climbing that tree?
你能爬上那棵树吗?
She is proud of her son, whos very capable as a driver.她为他的儿子自豪,因为他很会开车。
That mobs capable of any crime.
那个暴徒什么违法的事都会干得出来。
This tool machine is capable of being improved. 这台机床是可以改进的。
care for照顾;关心;喜欢
I dont care for tea. 我不喜欢喝茶。
Hes good at caring for sick animals.
他精心照料生病的牲畜。
Uncle Dick is very good at caring for sick animals. 狄克大叔照管生病的动物,很在行。
carry off拿走,抓走,赢得(奖章等)
The college team carried off all the prizes of the table tennis.
大学代表队囊括了全部乒乓球比赛的奖项。
Jean carried off all the prizes in the competition.
carry on继续下去;从事
Even after the king had entered the room, she carried on talking.
Carry on reading! 继续读!
We must carry on till success in spite of the extremely difficult conditions.尽管条件极端困难,我们必须坚持下去,直到成功。
carry out执行,贯彻;实现
He carried out his promise to quit smoking.
carry out ones plan 实行自己的计划
I have carried out my work.
我已经完成了我的工作。
carry through 完成,进行到底
Carry the revolution through to the end
His courage will carry him through.
他的勇气会帮他渡过难关。
catch fire着火,烧着
catch sb.’s eye引起注意
catch sight of 看到,发现
I caught sight my old friend in town today.
catch up with赶上
Youll have to work harder to catch up with the top students in your class.
要赶上班上最优秀的同学你得更加用功才行。
When she caught up with them, she saw that they had sat down and were going thro
ugh the contents of the bag. 当她赶上时,看到他们已坐下正在仔细查看包里的东西。
You start first, walk on and Ill catch up with you later.
你们先动身,往前走,我等一会儿会赶上你们的。
check in办理登记手续
Passengers must check in at the airport an hour before the plane leaves. 旅客们必须在飞机起飞前一小时到机场办理登机手续。
check out结帐后离开;检验,检查
check up / on 检查,检验
Please check up on the truth of this story.
clear away把…清除掉;扫除
clear up清理;澄清;(天气)放晴
to clear up a misunderstanding 解除误会
clear up the desk 整理书桌
Would you clear up this room before our visitors arrive?
客人到来之前,请拾掇一下这个房间好吗?
come about发生
How did it come about? 那事是怎么发生的?
come across偶遇;碰到;讲清楚
Weve just come across an old friend we havent seen for ages.
我们刚碰到了一位多年不见的老朋友。
Your speech came across very well, everyone understands your opinion now.
come along进展;成功;一道走
Hows your work coming along?
你的工作进展如何?
She comes along with us.
come into effect生效
come off 发生;举行;成功
The wedding came off as planned.
Their attempt to shoot the king did not came off.
come on快点;走吧;有进展
The player came on late. 该球员出场晚了。
The corn is coming on splendidly.
come out 出来;结果是;出版
Come out first! 得第一名!
The stars came out as soon as darkness fell.天一黑,星星就出来了。
When does Johns book come out?
约翰的书什么时候出版?
come round/around再现;恢复知觉;改变看法
Hell come round to our way of thinking.
他会改变立场而支持我们的。
May Day will soon come round.
五一节就要到了。
come through经历,获得成功
Come through a war (a serious illness)
I know that in the end John would come through.
come to苏醒;达到;总数为
She fainted, and it was half an hour before she came to again.
They came to the conclusion that they had made an unforgivable mistake. 他们得到的结论是他们犯了一个不可饶恕的错误。
The water came to my waist.
水已达我的腰部。
The performance of the opera has come to its climax. 歌剧的表演已经到达最高潮了。
The bill came to $5.50.账款共计5元50分。
come up发生;走上前来;(时间)快到
I’ll let you know if anything comes up.
He came up and said,” Pleased to see you”
come up against碰到(困难)
come up against a series of problems.
碰到一系列的问题。
The workers came up against their employer’s unwillingness to pay higher wages.
come up to达到(高度、程度);符合
Your recent work hasn’t come up to your earlier standards.
The water came up to his waist.
come up with赶上;提出
He couldnt come up with an answer.
他答不上来。
He couldnt come up with an appropriate answer just at the time.
那时他想不出一个合适的答案。
Come up with a proposal/response
提出建议/作出反映
compare to把…比作;比为
Mans life is often compared to a candle.
人生常被喻为蜡烛。
The poet compares his lover to a rose in his poems.诗人在他诗歌中把他的情人比作玫

瑰花。

compare with比较;与…相比

Walking cant compare with flying.

走路比不上飞行。

Living in a town cant compare with living in the country in many respects.

在许多方面城市生活比不上在乡村生活。

count on依靠,依赖

You can’t count on the weather being fine.

count up算出…总数,总计

Count up all those figures to me.

It counts up to more than 50 yuan.

cover up掩盖,掩饰

She tried to cover up her nervousness as she waited to make her speech.

cut across绕近道穿过;超越;遮住

Broader areas of study that cut across the divisions between school subjects.

a new group of members of parliament that cuts across party lines

无党派议员组成的新团体

The distance will be less if we cut across the fields.

cut back削减;终止;急忙返回

The unions strongly oppose any plan to cut back industrial production.

cut down削减;减少

The doctors told me to cut down (on) smoking and drinking.

cut in插嘴,打断;突然出来

Dont cut in while Im talking.

我说话时别插嘴。

cut off切断;中断;隔绝

She cut off a small piece of cake and gave it to me.

We were cut off in the middle of our telephone conversation.

When the city was cut off, everyone knew that total defeat was certain.

cut out删掉;戒掉

My doctors said I must cut out smoking and strong drinks.

If you want to get thin you must cut out sugar.

cut short中断;打断;缩短

Cut sb. short

Cut short the stay abroad

D

deal in买卖;经销

The shop deals in woolen goods/electrical appliances.

deal out分配

deal out two apples apiece分给每人两个苹果

deal with论述;涉及;与…打交道

Tom’s new book deals with the troubles in Ireland.

I have dealt with this person for 20 years.

die down逐渐消失;变弱

After the excitement of the audience died down, the speaker restarted his speech

.

等听众激动的情绪平息后,演讲人又重新开始演讲。

die out消失 灭绝

do / try one’s best尽力,努力

do away with消灭,灭掉

The government should do away with the regulations restricting drinking hours.

do without没有…也行;免除;不用

If there is no bread, we must do without (it), that’s all.

draw in到站;吸收;使加入

The train drew in. 公共汽车驶到路旁。

draw on利用;支取;吸

I should have to draw on the money I’ve saved.

Draw on sb. at 30 days’ sight

见票30天后向某人支取

draw up起草;制定;(使)停住

I will draw up a scheme of it for you.

我将替你草拟这事的计划。

Draw up a plan/contract

The car drew up and 3 men got out.

dress up穿上盛装

She like to dress up for a party.

她喜欢把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮去参加晚会。

0drop by / in顺便来访,非正式访问

Why don’t you 0drop in and see me some time.

0drop off掉下;入睡;(让)…下车

Interest in the game has 0dropped off.

—Where were you 0dropped off?

—At the bus stop just round the corner.

0drop out退出;退学;掉出

Dropping out of school is usually not wise.

He 0dropped out off ordinary society because it was driving him mad.

due to因为;由于

accidents due to driving at high speed

由于高速开车而引起的交通事故

Her illness was due to bad food.

她的病是坏了的食物造成的。

E

each other互相

They kissed each other. 他们彼此吻了对方。

either … or或…或

Im considering to buy my niece a Christmas present, either a dictionary or an e

ncyclopedia. 我在考虑给我侄女买一样圣诞礼物,不是词典就是百科全书。

Either say youre sorry or else get out!

你要么道歉,要么滚开!

enjoy oneself过得快乐,得到乐趣

Did you enjoy yourself of the party?

你在宴会上愉快吗?

One cant enjoy oneself if one / he is too tired. 一个人如果太疲倦,就不能尽情享受

She enjoyed herself making the assistant bring almost everything in the window b

efore finally buying the dress she had first asked for. 她开心地迫使这位售货员

几乎把橱窗内所有的东西都拿出来看看,最后才买下她最初要看的那件衣服。

even if / though即使,虽然

ever so即使如此,虽然如此

He is ever so diligent.他勤奋极了。

Everybody enjoyed himself ever so at the evening party.

every other每隔一个的

Take this medicine with warm water every other day. 这药每隔一天随温水服一次。

except for除…之外

all the questions except for the last one

除最后一道题之外的所有问题

Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.

公共汽车上要不是坐了一位老太太就是空的。

F

face to face(常与with连用)面对面地

I raced out of the office and found myself face-to-face with the boss.

我冲出办公室,面对面地碰上了老板。

The burglar turned the corner and found himself face to face with a policeman.

那窃贼转过墙角,面对面碰上一个警察。

Theyve often talked to each other on the telephone, but theyve never met each other face to face.

他们常常互相通电话,但从来没有见过面。

  会计硕士PDF版MPAcc联考英语关键词组详解(四)

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