文章作者 100test 发表时间 2012:04:09 16:00:01
AT WORK, as in life, attractive women get a lot of the breaks. Studies have shown that they are more likely to be promoted than their plain-Jane colleagues. Because people tend to project positive traits onto them, such as sensitivity and poise, they may also be at an advantage in job interviews. The only downside to hotness is having to fend off ghastly male colleagues. or so many people think. But research by two Israelis suggests otherwise.
Bradley Ruffle at Ben-Gurion University and Ze’ev Shtudiner at Ariel University Centre looked at what happens when job hunters include photos with their curricula vitae, as is the norm in much of Europe and Asia. The pair sent fictional applications to over 2,500 real-life vacancies. For each job, they sent two very similar résumés, one with a photo, one without. Subjects had previously been graded for their attractiveness.
本古里昂大学的Bradley Ruffle和艾瑞儿中心大学的Ze’ev Shtudiner对求职简历中附照片的做法进行了调查研究。在欧洲和亚洲国家，简历中附照片是一种惯例。两位研究者给2500个空缺岗位投递了虚构的简历。每一个岗位都投递了两份不同的简历，一份附上了照片，一份没有。照片在投递之前已经按照吸引力程度做了分级。
For men, the results were as expected. Hunks were more likely to be called for an interview if they included a photo. However, for women this was reversed. Attractive females were less likely to be offered an interview if they included a mugshot. When applying directly to a company (rather than through an agency) an attractive woman would need to send out 11 CVs on average before getting an interview. an equally qualified plain one just seven.
At first, Mr Ruffle considered what he calls the “dumb-blonde hypothesis”—that people assume beautiful women to be stupid. However, the photos had also been rated on how intelligent people thought each subject looked. there was no correlation between perceived intellect and pulchritude.
So the cause of the discrimination must lie elsewhere. Human resources departments tend to be staffed mostly by women. Indeed, in the Israeli study, 93% of those tasked with 0selecting whom to invite for an interview were female. The researchers’ unavoidable—and unpalatable—conclusion is that old-fashioned jealousy led the women to discriminate against pretty candidates.
So should attractive women simply attach photos that make them look dowdy? No. Better, says Mr Ruffle, to discourage the practice of including a photo altogether. Companies might even consider the anonymous model used in the Belgian public sector, where CVs do not even include the candidate’s name.