大学英语三级考试辅导主谓一致

文章作者 100test 发表时间 2008:07:24 12:19:11
来源 100Test.Com百考试题网


主谓一致是我们学习英语中的难点,特别对我们中国学生来说,因为在我们的汉语中没有这的习惯。所以同学们要多做题。
  原则:主单——谓单,主复——胃复
  The number of mistakes was surprising.
  Jane and Mary look healthy .
  There are two desks in the room.
  In the middle of the hall stands a table.
  1. And连接两个名 代——复
  例如:
  Both rice and wheat are grown in this part of China. My brother and I have both seen the film.
  *同一人,物 ;同一配件组成——单
   The professor and writer is speaking at the meeting. (the professor and the writer are speaking…)
  War and peace is a constant theme in history.
  Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.
  2.as well as, as much as, with ,together with, along with, rather than, no less than , like, but, except, besides, including, in addition to——前者为准
  The teacher ,with the students was excited.
  E-mail, as well as phone calls,is playing an important part in daily communication.
 非谓语动词   在句子中充当除谓语以外的句子成分的动词形式叫做非谓语动词。非谓语动词分为三种形式:不定式,动名词,和分词(分词包括现在分词和过去分词)。 1)不定式 时态\语态    主动      被动           一般式    to do      to be done   完成式    to have done  to have been done 2)动名词 时态\语态    主动      被动           一般式    doing     being done  完成式    having done  having been done 3)分词 时态\语态    主动      被动           一般式    doing     being done  完成式    having done  having been done       否定形式: not 不定式, not 动名词, not 现在分词
  3. 两名词由each, every, many a , no, more than one等修饰——单
  Many a boy and (many a ) girl has made the same mistake.
  Each girl and (each) boy…
  Every girl and …
  No sound and no voice is heard.
  More than one student has seen the film.
  但:More members than one _are_ against your plan
  4. 集合名词family, group ,class, army, enemy, audience, club , committee, company, crew, government, party, public, team等——整体…单, 个体…复
  His family is a happy one.
  The whole family are watching TV.
  The army is going to remain in this town.
  The army have rescued the travellers.
  *population:
  The population in China is very large, and eighty of the population are farmers .
  5. 另些集合名词 people, police, cattle. militia ——复
  The police are searching for him.
  6. 单复同型的名词——根据意义定单复

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